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Pattern Pak


3.75 Minute Gam Pattern
Application Video


Still Pattern RecipesSTILL PATTERNS
Paint a picture with light. Project patterns in your ellipsoidal and add GamColor to complete the effect. Combine patterns in one fixture, or use several fixtures to compose a scene.

The steel pattern is an easy-to-use and inexpensive projection device. All it takes to do the job is a few ellipsoidal spotlights or focusing strobelights and a vivid imagination.

Patterns can be used as design elements in a variety of ways:

1. They can create 'background looks', projected on scenery or a cyclorama, on walls, steps, drapery, or the floor. The designer can choose from a wide range of realistic and abstract graphics, depending on their needs. See Shadow Play 6 and other Great American Market catalogs. Sometimes one pattern is projected over a large area, while at other times several are used in combination.

2. Patterns often serve the purpose of breaking up the light used to illuminate people on stage, in the studio, or in public spaces. This type of breakup adds interest to the highlights and shadows. It will bring depth and often an element of reality to an otherwise 'flat' situation. Pattern projections can be used to define areas in a large space

3. Patterns used to break up the light are also projected on backgrounds and all kinds of interior treatments. Watch Music Award Shows and Videos for examples of floor and set projections. Patterns enhance dimensionality, create an ambience, and separate background from foreground.

4. Patterns are often projected on subject matter in commercial photography. They add shadows and highlights to enhance both models and products. By using patterns the photographer or art director can gain added control and creative effects in the photo composition.

DESIGNING WITH PATTERNS
A little experimenting will sharpen your skills.

1. Angle. Try projecting from different angles. Cloud patterns, for instance, are effective when projected from the side. They appear elongated with some edges softer than others. This 'keystoning' will add perspective to architectural patterns.

2. Shadows. Use foliage and windows to make shadows. Spring branches (#251) or Summer Leaves (#294) can represent foliage‹outside a window‹or the shadow of foliage. These patterns can be projected on people, scenery, or the floor. Jungle Leaf (#217) works well on risers. Use windows and blinds to create the illusion of light coming in and hitting the floor, a wall, an actor or model. You can easily change the projection angle to shorten or lengthen the shadows. Try softening the focus. By making small adjustments, you can change the whole concept of time, space, and mood.

3. Focus. Soften your image by throwing your fixture out of focus. Many looks are enhanced by 'taking the edge off'. Most fixtures have lens carriages that can move either forward or back from the sharp focus in the center. Moving the lens forward will soften the image. Moving the lens backward will create a 'double-edged' look‹out of focus but not as soft and fading-out-of-view as the front position. When realistic patterns are used out of focus, they appear farther away. Play with focus, the effects will add variety to your design palette.

4. Depth. To achieve depth, project two or more of the same pattern in different spotlights‹perhaps with different focal lengths. Project them from different angles. Superimpose them. Play with the intensities and focus until you get the picture you want.

5. Draw your own picture. Combine two patterns in one fixture to make a striking silhouette (try Double Hung Window #203, with Hanging Branches #221). When the patterns get hot from the light, they will warp slightly away from each other. Then one will be focused more sharply than the other. The hanging branches will appear to be some distance from the window pattern. Many Great American Patterns are designed to work together this way.

6. For extra clarity, if halation makes your image too 'fuzzy' around the edges, use a 'donut' in the gel frame holder of your fixture. You can make one out of Blackwrap. The hole in the center should be about half the diameter of the fixture lens. By cutting irregular shapes in your donuts, you can control the halation to enhance your design

7. Color. Add excitement to your images with color. You can change the time, place and mood of your design easily and quickly. Experiment with a collage of colors scotch taped together. Try stripes, 1/2 and 1/2, a different color in the center. Remember, the sky is never just one shade of blue., leaves are never one shade of green. Even plain sunlight has infinite variations.

SPECIAL EVENTS, PERSONAL TOUCHES
you can 'dress up' concerts, parties, and special events with the many decorative patterns available. Special holiday patterns and 'Class of' patterns will make class and activity photos more memorable and personalize important occasions.

HELPFUL HINTS
Be sure the lamp is properly centered in your fixture. On most spots, there are thumb screws and/or knobs and socket mounting plates to align the lamps. First, center the lamp filament in the field of light. Then adjust penetration into the reflector. Consult your fixture manufacturer's instructions for more details.

When using a spotlight for projection, it is important to make the field of light as even as possible. Try to eliminate any 'hot spot'. The even field will provide a better quality projection and help your pattern last longer.

Patterns may warp and turn brown when used in high wattage fixtures. Do not be alarmed! Often a used pattern is better than a new one, so save yours carefully. A warped cloud, for instance, will focus unevenly and look more realistic than a flat one.

If your pattern is to large for the pattern holder, you can trim it to fit with scissors. It is important to leave as much 'meat' on it as you can, so that the heat from the light can be distributed over the largest possible area.

PATTERN QUALITY
The first step in getting good use from your patterns is starting out with the best possible patterns. This means patterns made of highly heat resistant steel. Beyond a certain point, the composition of steel is more important than the thickness.

The etching quality of a pattern is equally important. The holes in the design should have clean, smooth, straight-walled edges. Lines should be solid, not chewed up. The design area should be free of nicks and scratches. Certain heat resistant steels are not suitable for pattern production because molecular structure prohibits the clean etching required. The GAM PRODUCTS, INC. Design Department has an on-going research program to insure that the best materials, both steel and chemicals, and the best possible etching equipment are used in the manufacture of Great American Patterns.

Great American Patterns are made in seven sizes. Not all designs are available in every size. For more information and catalogs, contact GAMPRODUCTS, INC. or your professional dealer.

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